Pig Farming In Nigeria - Anambra Indigenous Youth Farmers Multi-purpose Cooperative Limited
Headlines News :
Home » » Pig Farming In Nigeria

Pig Farming In Nigeria

Written By Arthur king peters on Wednesday, 15 May 2013 | 01:46



The importance for alternative source of revenue for Nigeria on account of the current global financial meltdown can't be overemphasised. The only supply of alternative income for the country is in agriculture. We must be able to develop the agric sector to provide products for internal along with export markets.

It is through agric that individuals can increase our GDP, provide food and employment opportunities for Nigerians. Establishment of commercial piggery is among the projects that readily go with this situation.

Justification connected with investment

The establishment of the proposed commercial pig farm is usually justified in the following grounds:

Many Nigerians experience malnutrition due to not enough protein in their eating habits. The Food and Agricultural Organisation of the United Nations (FAO) endorses 35 grammes of animal protein per day per person. But a lot less than 7 grammes are eaten for the average in Nigeria.

The vast majority of protein in the foodstuff derives from plants and therefore are only comparatively little from animals. Animal protein is vital because it is of a high biological value and contains the building stones for health and growth.

Animal protein shouldn't be completely substituted by plant protein. It is especially needed from the young, the old as well as the weak. The deficiency is more dangerous in the South of the country than in the North, as the staple diet within the South is monthly based on crops while the North’s the main meat producer.

Sources connected with animal protein are dairy, eggs and meat. For instance, minimum requirement of milk is accepted as ¾ of pint per day, while only 1/10 of that amount is actually ingested, on the average. A large proportion of the population won't drink milk, as dairy is expensive.

The main supply of meat stems from livestock, yet a Nigerian won't eat more than 10 pounds per year, the average American eat almost 10 times just as much.

A good sow – female pig - will farrow twice per year, each time rising as much as 10 piglets while the cow will valve once. The first litter are going to be born when the dam is one full year old, while a cow features her first calf at the age of three.

When the initial calf (beef) is set for market, 30-40 slaughter haps is usually sold from the one particular sow with about 5 to 10 times the volume of edible meat. Pigs replicate faster than cattle; they've got more offspring, which grow with a more rapid rate.

Gains in pigs are definitely more economical than in livestock. To produce 100 kilogrammes connected with live pigs requires 300 kilogrammes of feed from birth to market weight. A steer needs twice as much, it fed adequately. Even though concentrate price is higher for pigs they still can pay twice as well.

Hogs convert 1/5 of the gross energy eaten into feed compared with 1/25 by ruminants (cattle). Pigs convert farm brought up feed into meat more cheaply and even more rapidly than any additional domestic quadruple.

The pig carcass yields a better percentage of dressed meat plus a higher proportion of edible pieces. Pork is higher in energy then other various meats. It is nutritious along with tasty, as slaughter wildlife are comparably young. Pork is palatable and desirable, as it is sensitive than beef.

A slaughtered pig is usually more easily utilised, as very easy require ageing or tenderising. The goods can be smoke, salted, ready-made and stored otherwise; a smaller quantity becomes available anytime and causes less connected with storage and keeping issue. The pig carcass yields a higher dressing percentage, more edible various meats of greater nutritious worth.

The salvage value of the breeding stock is very good. This means that pigs which were used to produce several can still be sold at a relatively high price whenever they have to be sold out. Pigs can be bred anytime of the year than goats that need to be bred at a particular time of the year. Pigs are also a simple yet effective converter of industrial by-products along with agric wastes (including kitchen wastes) into pork.

Social and economic benefits derivable on the project are improvement of the economic well being of the sponsor, generation of employment opportunities, and increase in how much protein consumption thereby improving how much our health care distribution system.

Technical aspect

The project involves design and construction of all the physical infrastructure such as pig pens and exchange of foundation stock connected with pigs (breeders).

The stock female pigs are to endure intensive feeding and breeding when considering giving birth to young ones. The young ones have to be raised at the fattening house to market sizes where they'll be sold to prospective purchasers.

Also, males will be marketed to prospective buyers when they are acquired to support the females.
Share this article :

3 comments:

  1. Hi,
    This very educating.
    However is there already made market for this agricultural product?

    ReplyDelete

 
Support : Creating Website | Johny Template | Mas Template
Proudly powered by Blogger
Copyright © 2011. Anambra Indigenous Youth Farmers Multi-purpose Cooperative Limited - All Rights Reserved
Template Design by Creating Website Published by Mas Template