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Written By Anambra Farmers on Saturday, 29 September 2012 | 20:13

Nigeria is located in West Africa bordering the Beach of Guinea between Benin as well as
Cameroon. It is a coastal state with a coastline of ca. 853km and a 200 nautical miles Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ), in which it has exclusive rights to the fish along with natural resources. The brackish and coastal waters of Nigeria support harvests in the artisanal level, while the industrial sector operates only outside the 5 nautical miles.

Nigeria has a total land area of 923, 768 sq. km. and 13, 000 sq. km. of inland water
bodies. Generally, the climate varies from South towards the North ranging from equatorial in the South, tropical in the centre and arid in the North. The population of america is put at about 137 thousand.

In addition to the marine and brackish water resources, Nigeria provides massive freshwater systems, including lakes, rivers, reservoirs, dams and floodplains which usually support extensive artisanal fisheries. The River Niger which rises in Sierra Leone and contains a total length of several, 184 kilometers, flows through West Africa, enters Nigeria in the northwest and runs southwards to participate the River Benue at Lokoja, before traveling the 547 kilometers to the beach. These two major rivers and also the many smaller rivers support large freshwater artisanal fisheries in the country. A study by the Nationwide Special Programme for Food Stability identified about 2, 658 seafood farms and 937 Dams as well as Reservoirs in Nigeria. Ita provides identified about 365 lakes as well as reservoirs and 687 ponds as well as floodplains totaling over 13 thousand hectares of water bodies. Understandably potential, the current annual demand for fish is 1. 5 thousand tonnes, whereas local production is an acronym at about 0. 4 thousand tonnes. In 2000, the seafood import bill exceeded N30 billion dollars naira i. e. US$241. 1m. 1. This relatively low production and also the impact on the economy connected with high imports, is of concern and a challenge to all in this fisheries sector.

The collection of accurate data is roughest for inland fisheries but there is regarded as great potential for increased seafood production in freshwaters. Because with the artisanal nature and the rural location with the inland fishermen and the waterways, most of the freshwater catches usually are not accounted for. For example Lake Chad may be well studied for the prior five years and production data kept. Thus it has been established the potential yield of the sea is 200, 000 m. big t. while current actual production is just half of that. The Nigerian side with the Lake produces 60, 000 l. t. annually, with a monetary value much more than $22 million (ca. 2. 92 billion Naira). Lake Chad at this time produces about 33% of Nigerian freshwater seafood production. Unfortunately, this type of data is not available for other water bodies. Ezenwa asserted that accurate rates for aquaculture production in Nigeria are difficult to get due to logistical reasons. Many private fish farmers usually do not keep statistics and, when many people do, are not always able to give actual production figures.
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